Destinations for Gaza Strip Refugees in the Wake of Israel-Hamas Conflict
On the 7th Day last month, Hamas Launched Over 5,000 Missiles from Gaza Strip, surprising Israel with a Sneak Attack. Simultaneously, Hamas Ground Forces Infiltrated Israel, marking the Start of the War. They breached the barrier near the Gaza Strip and initiated a full-scale confrontation, resulting in horrific casualties with thousands of civilians injured and killed.
On October 8, 2023, Israel officially declared war on Hamas and armed groups. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu emphasized the use of all means to prevent civilian casualties despite international concerns about the war. However, he expressed anger, stating that unlike Israel, Hamas is waging a war without regard for civilian casualties, using Palestinian civilians as human shields.
In response, Israel declared a counterattack and immediately issued evacuation orders to 1.1 million residents in the northern Gaza Strip on the 13th (local time). The Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) announced that they would conduct a large-scale military operation in Gaza City within the next few days, urging civilians to evacuate the Gaza Strip within 24 hours. However, the total Palestinian population in Gaza is at least 2 million, and even if they flee to southern Gaza, it's only a temporary solution.
The only route available for Palestinian refugees to escape is essentially through Egypt in the south. However, Egyptian President el-Sisi has clearly expressed his opposition to accommodating Palestinian refugees. The Egyptian government has stated its firm position that it cannot afford to accommodate a large number of refugees, and due to cost and national security concerns, the forced migration of Palestinian residents cannot be executed.
The gates at the Rafah Crossing on the Egyptian border remain closed, and due to Israel's evacuation order in the northern Gaza Strip, Palestinian refugees continue to be crowded in this area. However, the current Egyptian government strongly opposes the infiltration of armed groups like Hamas into Egypt and has maintained a cautious stance regarding the blockade of the Gaza Strip for years. Additionally, Egypt's population has surpassed 112,716,598 people this year, ranking 14th globally. The Jordanian government, which oversees the Palestinian Authority, stated on the 17th (local time) concerning the first question about refugees coming to Jordan, 'We can speak strongly not only for Jordan but also for our friends in Egypt. It is a red line,' expressing strong opposition to the refugee issue.